Evolutionary Psychologists Deny Their Own Minds

first_img(Visited 564 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Need proof that evolutionists are not the fittest? Watch these two psychologists earn a Darwin award by cutting off the branch they’re sitting on.“Darwin awards” are whimsical trophies given to those who, by making dumb mistakes, risk eliminating themselves from the gene pool. Two psychologists writing for The Conversation, David Oakley and Peter Halligan, may have earned one for logical mistakes so serious that they reduce their arguments to mindless babble. It’s evident right in their headline: “What if consciousness is not what drives the human mind?”First of all, we see they are engaging in “what if” speculations. But worse, if consciousness does not drive the mind, then they must be asleep at the academic wheel.We suggest that our personal awareness does not create, cause or choose our beliefs, feelings or perceptions. Instead, the contents of consciousness are generated “behind the scenes” by fast, efficient, non-conscious systems in our brains. All this happens without any interference from our personal awareness, which sits passively in the passenger seat while these processes occur.Put simply, we don’t consciously choose our thoughts or our feelings – we become aware of them.We hope someone makes them aware that they have just undermined their whole argument. If they are not consciously choosing their thoughts, then “who” becomes aware of them? Obviously, it would have to be their conscious selves. The argument is self-refuting, like saying, ‘We argue that there are no arguments’ or ‘We choose to believe there is no free will.’ Thoughts or arguments reduce to apparitions of the Stuff Happens Law.Their idea is built squarely on evolutionary theory, because they speculate about what “gives humans their unique evolutionary advantage.”If the experience of consciousness does not confer any particular advantage, it’s not clear what it’s purpose is. But as a passive accompaniment to non-conscious processes, we don’t think that the phenomena of personal awareness has a purpose, in much the same way that rainbows do not. Rainbows simply result from the reflection, refraction and dispersion of sunlight through water droplets – none of which serves any particular purpose.Our conclusions also raise questions about the notions of free will and personal responsibility. If our personal awareness does not control the contents of the personal narrative which reflects our thoughts, feelings, emotions, actions and decisions, then perhaps we should not be held responsible for them.What is their purpose in writing this? It’s to say they have no purpose. This means that we can safely disregard everything they say, because by their own admission, they don’t know what they are talking about, or why. Their arguments have no purpose. They just happen. They are indistinguishable from rainbows. They are not responsible for them. In fact, they have the audacity to say you are responsible for them.In response to this, we argue that free will and personal responsibility are notions that have been constructed by society. As such, they are built into the way we see and understand ourselves as individuals, and as a species. Because of this, they are represented within the non-conscious processes that create our personal narratives, and in the way we communicate those narratives to others.Their argument is just a narrative—a story—emerging unconsciously from non-conscious processes. Why even listen to them? It’s like listening to a chainsaw to study philosophy.The only way they can imagine themselves saying anything sensible is by exercising the Yoda Complex and talking down to the rest of us, as if they have minds with free will but ordinary humans do not. That doesn’t wash. Their premise indicts the whole human race, including themselves.In their last paragraph, they try to rescue the illusion of free will, but to no avail. Free will is not a category of understanding. It is just a “notion” – a “vague or imperfect conception or idea of something” that could be anything.Just because consciousness has been placed in the passenger seat, does not mean we need to dispense with important everyday notions such as free will and personal responsibility. In fact, they are embedded in the workings of our non-conscious brain systems. They have a powerful purpose in society and have a deep impact on the way we understand ourselves.It’s no use. They are zombies. They operate by “non-conscious brain systems” engaged in “non-conscious processes.” If this all has a “powerful purpose in society,” what could that possibly be, if everyone in the society is also a zombie, with no purpose? Their own argument (if it can be glorified by that designation) is guaranteed to prevent any of us from ever being able to “understand ourselves.” In this view, understanding does not exist.Parents: Why would you ever risk sending your teenager to an institution run by zombies like this? Incredible that so-called ‘academics’ with PhD’s can be this thick.last_img read more

AU stands by Zimbabwe

first_imgKhanyi MagubaneLeaders of the African Union (AU) are optimistic that a lasting solution to Zimbabwe’s debilitating crisis can still be found without tougher action taken against President Robert Mugabe.On 9 December 2008 Salva Rweyemamu, the spokesperson for the chairperson of the AU and Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete said, “Only dialogue between the Zimbabwean parties, supported by the AU and other regional actors, can restore peace and stability to that country.”Rweyemamu said that the forceful removal of Mugabe, as suggested by prominent figures including Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga and South Africa’s Nobel peace laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu, were not options.“We have a serious humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe. We have cholera. Do they think that we can eradicate cholera with guns?” he said.Mugabe called to step downThe stance taken by the AU to stand by Mugabe comes as world leaders call for the insistent leader to relinquish his power.On 9 December, former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan made an urgent call to world leaders to help in finding a new, long-term and coherent approach to the Zimbabwe crisis.Speaking at the 25th anniversary of the Clingendael Institute in The Hague, Netherlands, Annan said the collapse of Zimbabwe’s agricultural sector meant that the country will no longer be able to feed its own people, let alone export food to neighbouring countries.The Clingendael Institute of International Relations acts as a think-tank as well as a diplomatic academy, which identifies and analyses emerging political and social developments for the benefit of government and the general public.To date, five million malnourished Zimbabweans are in urgently need of food aid.Further afield world leaders are also increasing the pressure on Mugabe to step down, amidst fears that the country has finally reached the brink of collapse.European Union leaders announced on 8 December that they are widening sanctions against the Southern African country’s government, adding the names of 11 high ranking Zimbabwean officials to a list of people banned from entering Europe.British Foreign Secretary David Miliband says the new names are “middle-ranking members of the regime” and were added to 168 already on the persona non grata list.This list also includes Mugabe and his wife Grace.The world leaders are stepping up their efforts of dethroning Mugabe as the country battles its worst cholera outbreak, critical food shortages, a struggling economy and political instability.During a press conference, France’s Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, who chaired the EU ministerial meeting at which the decision to tighten the screws on Zimbabwe was announced, said that further sanctions could be imposed depending on how events played out in Zimbabwe.Kouchner also said EU ministers had called on the World Health Organization (WHO) to tackle the outbreak of cholera, which has claimed hundreds of lives, pointing out that it is one of the communicable diseases which require international intervention.Speaking from Paris, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said, “President Mugabe must go,” also adding that the time for negotiations was over.“There comes a time when a dictator does not want to hear, does not want to understand, and so my understanding is that heads of states and governments must end discussions.”Zimbabwe’s strongest foreign ally China, has also voiced its concern, “We sincerely hope that all concerned parties in Zimbabwe will truly focus on the interests of the country and its people and soon form a government of national unity,” said Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Liu Jianchao, speaking from Beijing.Meanwhile in South Africa, ANC President Jacob Zuma said that he still supported the negotiation process started by former President Thabo Mbeki.Speaking during a meeting with Namibian President Hifikepunye Pohamba, Zuma said that even as the political negotiations continue, swift action was needed to meet the immediate needs of the people of Zimbabwe.“We need some swift action to deal with the situation in Zimbabwe. We fully support Mbeki’s mediation efforts and we urge the Zimbabwe leadership to act and … pave the way for a unity government.”Zim authorities defend sovereigntyThe widespread call for an immediate resolution to Zimabwe’s problems has however not alarmed President Mugabe, who, through his spokesperson George Charamba, said the West was using the cholera outbreak to sabotage his leadership.“The British and the Americans are dead set on bringing Zimbabwe back to the U.N. Security Council. They are also dead set on ensuring that there is an invasion of Zimbabwe but without themselves carrying it out.”Charamba also criticised British Prime Minister Gordon Brown’s comments that a “command and control structure” in Zimbabwe needed to be set up.“It is clear the command centre which Brown is referring to has nothing to do with cholera. It has everything to do with the running dispute between Zimbabwe and Britain over land.”“It has to do with regime change politics. He is asking for an invasion of Zimbabwe,” he added.The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said the cholera death toll now stood at 589 with the number of reported cases now standing at 13 960.The WHO speculates that up to 60 000 people could contract cholera if the epidemic continues to spiral out of control.The disease is preventable and treatable under normal circumstances, but with Zimbabwe’s health sector in near collapse, it has been difficult to successfully manage the outbreak.Do you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: khanyim@mediaclubsouthafrica.com Useful linksThe Zimbabwe SituationZimbabwe governmentWorld Health OrganisationAfrican UnionEuropean Unionlast_img read more

The New Evernote For iOS: This Is The One We’ve Been Waiting For

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#Evernote A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… jon mitchell Evernote 5 for iOS is out, and it’s the upgrade fans of the life-organizer apps have needed for a long time. Everything is faster, smoother, more capable and prettier, right down to the new, classier icon. And it just gets better from there.The most important change is that the app is now much better organized. Evernote users are organized people, but the old Evernote apps for iOS were crazy and disorganized. Even worse, they weren’t even remotely similar between iPhone and iPad versions.The small version was basically a least-common-denominator iPhone app organized in nested lists with lots of forward and back buttons. The iPad version, frankly, was a skeuomorphic monstrosity, a flat grid of fake piles of paper that all looked the same sprawled out to the full width of the screen. In both versions, it was incredibly difficult to find what you needed.The new Evernote 5 has a uniform look and structure, with tabbed navigation that lets you see every section at once and smoothly swipe between them. The iPad version shows nice, swipe-able previews of notes along the top. Both sizes have new Quick Note buttons, and this is such a needed feature. With one tap from the app’s main screen, you can instantly open a new text or photo note or launch the Page Camera to scan a document. Evernote is for capturing information as well as storing it, and it needed to be fast and painless. Now it is. The update makes the note views you’re used to even easier to use, and it also adds a new Places view. Evernote has geo-tagged notes for a while, recording the places they’re created. Now there’s a tab to display notes on a map, which is a neat way to organize certain kinds of records and memories.There’s a tab for Premium Features that you can’t remove, which free users might find annoying, but let me tell you, if you want to seriously get into Evernote, you are going to upgrade. Not only do you get a bigger storage and upload allowance, text search within PDFs, shared notebooks and other such perks, you get to store your notebooks offline, so you can access them without a connection. That is a huge benefit.Once you’ve upgraded, the Premium Features tab lets you manage your offline notebooks and set a passcode lock for the app. You can’t make it go away and access it from the settings menu, which you get by tapping your name in the upper left corner. I wish premium users had that option, so the main screen would be cleaner. But this is a very minor gripe about an otherwise amazing update.You can download Evernote 5 for iOS for free from the App Store. It’s a great complement to Evernote 5 for Mac, which is coming very soon. Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Ronaldo Jr. outshines superstar dad

first_imgReal Madrid Ronaldo Jr. outshines Real Madrid superstar dad with stunning strike Matt Dorman Last updated 1 year ago 06:43 6/8/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(1) Cristiano Ronaldo - cropped Getty Images Real Madrid Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal World Cup Friendlies The art of goalscoring certainly appears to be in the Portuguese’s genes, with his son showcasing his talent after an international friendly Forget about Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo might have a talented new rival for world football fame: his own son.The Real Madrid great’s eldest child Cristiano Ronaldo Jr., nicknamed Cristianinho, looks to have inherited the family knack for scoring stunners judging by his brilliant top-corner effort in a post-match kickabout on Thursday.He received some of the biggest cheers of the night from the Estadio da Luz crowd, who earlier saw World Cup-bound Portugal ease to a 3-0 friendly win over Algeria. Editors’ Picks Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Sorry, Cristiano! Pjanic is Juventus’ most important player right now Five-time Ballon d’Or winner Ronaldo senior went scoreless in his 150th international appearance, so the emergence of a new challenger – family or otherwise – might come as handy motivation on the eve of the World Cup.Ronaldo has taken great pride in the efforts of his son during his football career to date, with the youngster having seemingly picked up the skills required very quickly.His father regularly posts videos of stunning efforts on social media, with this the latest in a long line of strikes his dad would be proud of.All of the Ronaldo traits are there – the accuracy to find the top corner and a look as the ball hits the back of the net which suggests there was never going to be any other outcome.O apito final não quer dizer que acabe o espectáculo. Cristiano Ronaldo e Cristianinho: tal pai, tal filho.#ConquistaOSonhoThe final whistle doesn’t mean the show is over. Cristiano and his son, it’s clear the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree! #ConquerYourDream pic.twitter.com/YgebltOYpa— Portugal (@selecaoportugal) June 7, 2018Ronaldo will be hoping that he can produce similar at the World Cup finals this summer, with Euro 2016 winners Portugal set to open their campaign against Spain on June 15.last_img read more

Police believe son murdered parents in Torrey Highlands home then committed suicide

first_img KUSI Newsroom Posted: August 19, 2019 KUSI Newsroom, August 19, 2019 Police believe son murdered parents in Torrey Highlands home then committed suicidecenter_img Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter SAN DIEGO (KUSI) – San Diego Police Department Homicide Detectives believe a man killed his parents before committing suicide by jumping off a freeway overpass on Friday Ausut 16th.At about 10 p.m. Saturday, a San Diego Police Department dispatcher received a call asking officers to check the welfare of a couple living in the Torrey Highlands Neighborhood at 7400 block of Via Rivera. The couple was expected in San Francisco earlier in the day but did not arrive. Concerned family members called police.Upon arrival, police tried to make contact at the door, then by telephone, with no success. The officers looked through a rear window and saw a body on the living room floor, police said.The officers forced their way inside the home and discovered the bodies of an Asian man and woman in their 50s with trauma to the upper body. Both were pronounced dead at the scene. No one else was inside the residence.On Friday, August 16, 2019 the San Diego Police received a call regarding a person jumping from the Eastgate Mall overpass over I-805. Officers responded to the location and discovered a male had committed suicide by jumping over the bridge, landing onto the freeway.Police said they believe the person who committed suicide was the son of the murdered couple found in their home.Homicide detectives were called to the scene and are investigating the deaths. The home did not appear to be disturbed.The victims’ identities have not been released pending confirmation by the San Diego County Medical Examiner’s Office.Detectives said they will continue investigating this case to determine a motive for the homicides. Updated: 1:57 PMlast_img read more

Murthy back after the break wants Panaya probe report made public

first_imgN R Narayana Murthy, founder and former chairman of Infosys.Reuters fileThe Infosys row has resurfaced after N R Narayana Murthy, the founder of the company wrote a mail to its board a few days ago, demanding that they make the Panaya probe report public, ET Now news channel reported on Thursday.Let us rewind. On February 16, 2015, a whistleblower had written to the Securities and Exchange Board of India, saying that Infosys had overpaid for the acquisition of Panaya, an Israeli firm. After a strenuous probe of two years, the Infosys management was given a clean chit in June this year by international law firm Gibson Dunn and investigation firm Control Risks.”We found no evidence supporting the whistleblower allegations regarding acquisitions, there were no conflicts of interests or kickbacks, required approvals for M&A were obtained, thorough due diligence was done, valuations of the target companies done by an outside advisor were reasonable and the purchase price was within the range determined by the advisor. We found no evidence that the CEO received excessive variable compensation or incurred unreasonable expenses for security, travel and its Palo Alto office,” the investigators said in a statement.In an assertive email to employees, Infosys CEO Vishal Sikka said, “Reports questioning the company’s acquisition of Panaya were orchestrated by people who are hell-bent on harming the reputation of the company and its employees.” He denied that the management of the company benefited in any sort from the acquisition, calling the allegations “libellous”.Sikka and his team were still struggling to move past the allegations and its aftermath when Murthy demanded Panaya probe to go public. Differences over corporate governance between Murthy and Sikka don’t seem to be abating.Previously, the founders of Infosys had also raised objections to the quantum of salary hike given to Vishal Sikka and size of severance packages given to former CFO Rajiv Bansal and former General Counsel David Kennedy.As told to ET Now by unidentified sources, Infosys has no plans to make the report public as this would violate client confidentiality agreements between Panaya’s investors and their limited partners.last_img read more

Road crash kills 3 Narsingdi bikers

first_imgRoad Accident logoThree motorcyclists were killed in a road accident at Meghna Bazar in Madhabdi upazila in Narsingdi early Sunday, reports UNB.The deceased are Rafiq, 25, son of Emdad member of Puranchar in Madhabdi upazila, his two friends Sohel Mia, 25, and Ashok Saha, 24, hailing from Polash upazila.The accident took place when a motorcycle, ridden by the trio, hit the boundary wall of a roadside house in the area as its driver lost control over the steering at some time of last night, leaving all of them dead on the spot, said Madhabdi police station officer-in-charge Ilias Miah.Locals spotted the dead bodies in the morning and informed police.Later, police rushed to the spot and sent those to Narsingdi Sadar Hospital morgue.last_img read more

Main accused in PP Rathish murder case dies in custody

first_imgRathish Chandra Bhoumik. File photo Prothom AloThe main accused in the murder case of special public prosecutor Rathish Chandra Bhoumik died at Rangpur Medical College Hospital in police custody early Saturday, reports UNB.The deceased is Kamrul Islam.Ratna Roy, senior jail superintendent of Rangpur central jail, said Kamrul had been suffering from depression.”He tried to commit suicide by hanging himself with his bedsheet around 5:00am and got injured critically,” Roy said.He was later taken to the hospital where physicians declared him dead, the jail official said.Rathish, a public prosecutor at the special judge’s court in Rangpur, was killed over alleged extramarital affairs between his wife Snigdha Sarkar Dipa and Kamrul on 29 March this year.last_img read more