In Brazil, their activity began in the 60s, when two officers and two privates successfully concluded the Underwater Demolition Teams course – UDT (currently called Basic Underwater Demolition – Sea, Air and Land – BUD/SEAL), in the United States. As a result of the experience of these pioneers, the Combat Divers Division in the Almirante Castro e Silva Base was created in 1970. Two years later, two more officers and three privates were sent to France, where they received qualification as Combat Nageurs (1972). As a combination of the techniques from the French course, which emphasized on diving operations, with the techniques of the U.S. course, which emphasized on ground operations, and adjusting them to the needs of Brazil’s Navy, by the Admiral Attila Monteiro Aché Training and Instruction Center, CIAMA, the first Brazilian Combat Diver Special Course was held in 1974. In an attempt to adequately fulfill the increasing demands of the squadron and the naval districts, the Combat Divers Division of the Almirante Castro e Silva Base was transformed in 1983 into the Combat Divers Group that was part of the Submarine Force Command. In 1996, the government determined the creation of the Combat Divers Improvement Course for military officers. The first class was formed in December of that year. On December 12, 1997, by Ordinance No. 371, the Minister of the Navy created the Combat Divers Group. The new military organization, activated on March 10, 1998, has a semi-autonomic administration and reports directly to the Submarine Force Command. After successfully completing one of the most rigorous courses of the Armed Forces, the Combat Divers join the GRUMEC, where they begin the second phase of their education. The Combat Diver is incorporated into one of the operational teams and they join the training schedule specific to that team, participating actively in the very detailed planning and preparation phases for each mission. In addition, occasional exchanges and courses are conducted in similar units in other countries: the Chilean and Argentinean Tactical Divers, the Spanish Combat Divers, the American SEAL, the French Combat Nageurs. The GRUMEC also maintains close ties with other military and police national forces that drive special operations, such as the Brazilian Army Special Operations Brigade, Brazilian Airborne Rescue Squadron, Brazilian Marine Special Operations Battalion, Special Police Operations Battalion of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro (BOPE), and the Brazilian Maritime Police Special Unit (NEPOM). As a military organization responsible for executing special operations within the scope of the squadron and permanently comprising the Rapid Deployment Force, it is in perfect synchronization with the new paradigm regarding the deployment of the armed forces in the 21st Century, in view of the reduced structure and subsequent low maintenance cost, when compared to the great employment of flexibility and agility in multiple tasks. For over thirty years, the military members of the GRUMEC have been participating in all squadron amphibious operations: supporting torpedo and missile launches; performing attack exercises on ships from both the squadron and as the district force; participating in riverside operations in the Amazon and the Pantanal, in Mato Grosso; and performing the recovery of ships and oil platforms and hostage rescue exercises. The Brazilian Navy Combat Divers Group, or GRUMEC for its Portuguese name, is a military organization under the Submarine Force Command on the island of Mocanguê, in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, at the headquarters of the Brazilian Squadron. Brazil has achieved an important role in the international scenario because of various important milestones, such as having discovered a pre-salt layer, the self-sufficiency of Brazil’s oil industry, its economic growth, the participation of the Navy in international operations (with NATO), among others. Currently, for its preparation and qualification, the GRUMEC can act in different areas where the Brazilian Navy is present. Whether in the patrol and assessment of Brazilian hostile environments, like the large Amazon rivers, the tortuous rivers of the Pantanal, in Mato Grosso, in the Blue Amazon – the oceanic strip of the Brazilian coast – which is under the responsibility of the Brazilian Navy –, or by contributing to the maintenance of law and order in Haiti, maritime interdiction actions, hostage or facilities recovery and rescue actions, the Brazilian Navy Combat Divers are always ready to fulfill their mission. Following the combat diver’s trend from the most developed navies, such as the United States, Spain, France, Germany, Chile, and Argentina, the GRUMEC has been training in land operations overseas. With a special emphasis given to the GERR/MEC, which since 1985, has been focusing on anti-hijacking operations in a maritime environment and contributing to the protection of many terminals, oil platforms, and ships from the area known as Blue Amazon, an area which encompasses the entire Brazilian maritime platform. The GRUMEC also contributes to the security of the Visit and Inspection Group (GVI) of naval ships, as well as providing support to their training. The GVIs are responsible for inspecting ships and vessels in Brazilian waters. The Combat Divers are also ready, if necessary, to be deployed in actions that will ensure law and order, a fundamental constitutional precept in contemporary democratic states. By Dialogo June 10, 2013 In its organizational operating structure, the GRUMEC has three special operations units, which are responsible for all tasks aside from those related to the recovery and rescue (reconnaissance assessments of the beach, etc.) and the GRUMEC Recovery and Rescue Special Group, responsible for these actions (GERR-MEC). At the conclusion of the Combat Divers course, the troops join the operative units and, after two or three years of experience, they move on to the GEER/MEC, which requires more experienced soldiers due to the nature of its actions. Do they have training in the “caatinga” (arid land in northeastern Brazil) or desert? If not, can they at least do the course by paying? How much is the salary of these great Brazilian troops? Yes, grumec has training in the caatinga and the Amazon rainforest, they are able to survive anywhere in the world, including in the desert … Source: I, I am Brazilian.
Club Adriatic doo from Makarska operates as part of the Crikvenica hotel group Jadran, which was taken over last year by two mandatory pension funds PBZ Croatia osiguranje dd and Erste plavi dd, entrusted with the management of the new management, and provided around HRK 450 million for the company’s development. Jadran dd manages ten hotels of different categories and three camps in the area of Crikvenica and Makarska. Add to that the pavilions and annexes of some of the hotels, and guests are offered more than 1.600 accommodation units, and more than 1.100 pitches are available in the camps. “It is important that we have completed the fulfillment of the undertaken obligation to all employees of Club Adriatic doo We have provided funds for the payment of salary differences in the past ten years on time, but problems with the documentation we inherited delayed the implementation of this decision. I am glad that we had the understanding of all employees and union representatives in Club Adriatic for the final settlement of these past debts“Pointed out the President of the Management Board of Club Adriatic doo Goran Fabris. The President of the Management Board of the Adriatic Club Goran Fabris started resolving this issue in the spring, but problems with completing the documentation and harmonization with tax and other legal regulations delayed the completion of the calculation of the difference in salaries to employees in the past ten years. In constant communication with the leaders of both unions operating in this Makarska collective, employees were regularly informed about the course of the process. These are 119 employees who were paid a total of around HRK 20 million. This is the result of concluded agreements between the Management Board of Club Adriatic doo and the Trade Union of Tourism and Services of Croatia and the Trade Union of Istria, Kvarner and Dalmatia, as well as a settlement with the workers. For the employees of Club Adriatic doo from Makarska, the multi-year story about the payment of the salary difference for the period from May 1, 2008 to the end of last year, ie the remaining amounts of the salary difference for the past ten-year period, ended today.
Talks will be held via video conference and will be kicked off by British trade minister Liz Truss and Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs Toshimitsu Motegi on Tuesday.“This deal will provide more opportunities for businesses and individuals across every region and nation of the UK and help boost our economies following the unprecedented economic challenges posed by coronavirus,” Truss said in a statement.Britain said it aimed to reach a deal which builds on Japan’s existing agreement with the EU, going further by including areas such as digital trade.Japan was Britain’s fourth-biggest non-EU trading partner in 2019, with total trade between the two countries of 31.4 billion pounds, according to government statistics.Britain hopes ultimately to join the 11-member Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), and sees trade talks with Japan as a step towards that end.Britain said around 100 negotiators would be involved on its side, with talks led by Graham Zebedee, a former British ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Congo, and overseen by Britain’s Chief Trade Negotiation Adviser Crawford Falconer. Topics : Britain will begin negotiating a post-Brexit trade agreement with Japan on Tuesday which the government said both sides hoped would enter into force by the end of this year.After decades outsourcing its trade policy to the European Union, Britain is embarking on negotiating free trade deals with countries around the world, and last month launched formal negotiations with the United States.Trade deals typically take years to complete. Britain is also hoping to reach a trade agreement with the EU by the end of the year.