Temperature and embryonic development in relation to spawning and field occurrence of larvae of three Antarctic echinoderms

first_imgThe effects of temperature on development and viability were measured at 14 levels between -2{deg}C and +3{deg}C on embryos of two asteroids (Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis) and an echinoid (Sterechinus neumayeri) from Signy Island, Antarctica. Development rates were 2 to 10 times slower than those for temperate or tropical echinoderms, with times to hatching up to 240 h. Development rates for the two asteroids differed by 1.15 x, and rates for both species approximately doubled over the experimental temperature range. In O. validus, embryo viability was independent of temperature, but in O. meridionalis viability declined with increasing temperature. Development rates for S. neumayeri were little affected by temperature above +0.2{deg}C, but declined rapidly at lower temperatures. Conversely, the number of nonviable eggs was low and constant below +1.7{deg}C, but rose rapidly at higher temperatures. A window of optimal temperature, between +0.2{deg}C and +1.7{deg}C, has therefore been proposed for development time and embryo viability in this population of S. neumayeri. Spawning trials and field observations of larvae indicated that the time of gamete release and periods of larval development in S. neumayeri coincided with austral summer sea temperatures in the same window. Embryos of O. meridionalis and O. validus are released in winter, when temperatures are constantly below -1.6{deg}C. Comparison of the different strategies suggests that larval food supply and predation during planktonic phases are not the dominant ecological factors for these specieslast_img read more

BYU Men’s Basketball Seeks To Upset No. 1 Gonzaga Saturday

first_img Written by January 17, 2020 /Sports News – Local BYU Men’s Basketball Seeks To Upset No. 1 Gonzaga Saturday Tags: BYU Basketball/Gonzaga basketball FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailSPOKANE, Wash.-Saturday, BYU men’s basketball (14-5, 3-1 in West Coast play) faces No.1 Gonzaga (19-1, 5-0 in WCC play) at the McCarthey Athletic Center without the services of star senior forward Yoeli Childs.This is easily Cougars head coach Mark Pope’s (14-5, .737 at BYU; 91-61, .599 as a collegiate head coach) stiffest challenge at the helm of the program.In Thursday’s 93-70 win over San Diego, sophomore forward Kolby Lee did well in Childs’ absence, posting a career-high 21 points on 8-8 from the field. However, against the best team in the land, the order remains tall for the Cougars.The Cougars post 79.2 points per game, ranking them 28th nationally in scoring offense.With Childs’ absence, BYU is minus 20.9 points and 10.1 rebounds per game as well as his team-best 10 blocked shots on the season.Senior guard Jake Toolson (14.9 points, 4.8 rebounds per game) will assume the burden of BYU’s focal point on offense.Fellow senior guard TJ Haws (13.5 points per game, team-bests in assists [95] and steals [22]) and junior guard Alex Barcello (10 points per game) all score in double figures on-average for the Cougars.BYU surrenders 66.9 points per game, tying the Cougars for 125th nationally in scoring defense with Stetson and Oakland.Gonzaga is led by head coach Mark Few who is 587-123 (.827) in his 21st year at the helm of the program.The Bulldogs score 88.7 points per game, which ranks them first nationally in scoring offense. Gonzaga out-scores opponents by 22 points per game, also tops in the nation.The Bulldogs shoot 50.3 percent from the field, ranking them fourth nationally in that statistic.Serbian national, sophomore forward Filip Petrusev leads Gonzaga in scoring (16.7 points per game), rebounding (7.9 boards per game) and blocked shots (23).Junior forward Corey Kispert (14.2 points per game), Frenchmen, senior forward Killian Tillie (12 points per game) and Joel Ayayi (11.3 points, 6.4 rebounds per game), redshirt senior guard Admon Gilder (10.8 points per game) and redshirt senior guard Ryan Woolridge (10.2 points per game, team-bests in assists [91] and steals [28]) all score in double figures on-average for the Bulldogs.Gonzaga surrenders 66.7 points per game, ranking the Bulldogs 119th nationally in scoring defense.The Bulldogs lead the Cougars 17-4 all-time and 5-1 at Spokane, Wash. Brad Jameslast_img read more

Stop bashing property market ‘like a piñata’ leading agent tells politicians

first_imgLeading letting agent Marc von Grundherr of London firm Benham & Reeves has written to the Sunday Times to bemoan the ‘assault’ on the property market from all directions.In a strongly-worded letter that was published yesterday in the newspaper, von Grundherr criticised the nation’s politicians for ‘squabbling over our EU future’, Labour’s planned additional clamp-down on private landlords and Sadiq Khan’s rent control plans.“Shadow chancellor John McDonnell says he wants to tax landlords until, presumably, the pips squeak — and now wishes to steal a chunk of the value of their properties and gift that to tenants,” the letter says“If this succeeds after a change of administration, as now seems possible, the glee of the Treasury and tenants will be short-lived when they realise there are no landlords left with whom to fight.”Despite this political and economic onslaught, von Grundherr says the UK property market has shown remarkable resilience and claims prices and rents are higher than before the EU referendum.“The property market underpins our economy, provides much of our social housing, employs hundreds of thousands of people and contributes billions in tax,” the letting agent says.“Like a piñata, if you bash it for long enough the sweets fall to the floor and then disappear in all directions.”john Mcdonnell Marc von Grundherr Benham & Reeves Residential Lettings Brexit Sadiq Khan September 9, 2019Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Home » News » Housing Market » Stop bashing property market ‘like a piñata’ leading agent tells politicians previous nextHousing MarketStop bashing property market ‘like a piñata’ leading agent tells politiciansLetter published in The Sunday Times bemoans the political squabbling over Brexit and Labour’s plans to further tax the private rental market.Nigel Lewis9th September 20190726 Viewslast_img read more

Do you agree? ‘It’s time to scrap conveyancing panels for SME estate agents’

first_imgThe heyday of conveyancing panel management was when law firms were a lot smaller and could not handle the capacity required by a large estate agent referrer.With increasing consolidation of conveyancing law firms into large corporations, this issue now only affects the very biggest agency groups, where a panel still makes sense.In every other case, panel management is unlikely to be the optimal solution for the estate agent, the customer, or the law firm.At a time when conveyancing was more fragmented firms were not set up to cope with the volume of work that larger agencies could send their way. For the agent, the benefit of panels was the ability to cope with the volume.Capacity is no longer such a big issue. Property solicitors and conveyancers have got their act together and specialists are emerging to support the industry.TechnologyThey have invested in people and technology and are able to ramp resource up and down to cope with demand.Land Registry statistics show that the top 100 conveyancing firms by Land Registry volume, i.e. firms that have invested in technology and process management, have grown their market share.As the specialist conveyancing firms get better at capacity management, what is the attraction of using a panel manager, where there is a risk of agents losing control over the transaction?ProblemThe key problem with panels is that the panel manager has very little real influence over the running of the firms in the panel.Expecting disparate organisations with different levels of investment, culture, and competence to behave in the same way and deliver the same standards simply doesn’t work.While SLA’s will dictate some of the basics, that is no substitute for dealing directly with the senior management of the firm doing your work who you can haul over the coals when things go wrong.Short changedThe other big problem is that the panel managers can attempt to extract too much revenue from the referral process, leaving both the agents and the law firms short changed.It is a vicious spiral downwards.  The panel manager’s return such a low fee to the conveyancers that the firms involved become disaffected and de-prioritise that work in favour of more lucrative work streams, thus impacting quality.Equally, estate agents who should be expecting a minimum of £200 – £300 in referral fees – it was their referral after all – end up having that shaved. Lastly, the customer pays an inflated price for a poor legal service.TechnologyPanel management systems are unable to take advantage of the investment in technology that conveyancing firms have made as, in more cases than not, there is no two-way interface. This results in endless re-keying of data into the consumer portals designed to keep all the parties up to date.The bottom line is that panel management looks very outdated. There is no substitute for an estate agency working with a modern high-capacity law firm that can build a first class legal product tailored to its needs, and who is answerable directly for any service issues.The agent’s view – Steve Wayne, Benjamin Stephens Estate Agents, London“I’ve been running my business for over 16 years and we have used mortgage panels over the years but have found nothing but problems with them,” he says.“We’ve experienced some solicitors offering crazy money on referrals, but for me, I’d rather use a local solicitor who will be available to pick up the phone to me, any day of the week.“The £300-400 we may earn by taking a solicitor’s referral is nothing to the £5000 a bad solicitor may cost us if they cannot provide a good quality service.”Read more stories about conveyancing.David Jabbari Steven Wayne Benjamin Stephens Muve October 9, 2020Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Housing Market » Do you agree? ‘It’s time to scrap conveyancing panels for SME estate agents’ previous nextHousing MarketDo you agree? ‘It’s time to scrap conveyancing panels for SME estate agents’Leading legal firm CEO David Jabbari of Muve questions whether the conveyancing panels used by smaller firms have outlived their purpose.Nigel Lewis9th October 202001,386 Viewslast_img read more

125th Edition of the Devon Horse Show & Country Fair Cancelled

first_img We’ll send you our regular newsletter and include you in our monthly giveaways. PLUS, you’ll receive our exclusive Rider Fitness digital edition with 15 exercises for more effective riding. Email* Subscribe to the Horse Sport newsletter and get an exclusive bonus digital edition! SIGN UP More from News:MARS Bromont CCI Announces Requirements For US-Based RidersThe first set of requirements to allow American athletes and support teams to enter Canada for the June 2-6 competition have been released.Canadian Eventer Jessica Phoenix Reaches the 100 CCI4*-S MarkPhoenix achieved the milestone while riding Pavarotti at the inaugural 2021 CCI4*-S at the Land Rover Kentucky Three-Day Event.Tribunal Satisfied That Kocher Made Prolonged Use of Electric SpursAs well as horse abuse, the US rider is found to have brought the sport into disrepute and committed criminal acts under Swiss law.Washington International Horse Show Returns to TryonTIEC will again provide the venue for the WIHS Oct. 26-31 with a full schedule of hunter, jumper and equitation classes. Organizers of the Devon Horse Show and Country Fair in Chester County, PA, have announced that the show has been cancelled for the second year due to COVID-19 restrictions imposed by the U.S. Equestrian Federation regarding spectators:“It is with deep disappointment that the Devon Horse Show and Country Fair (DHSCF) must announce the cancellation of the 125th edition of its event originally scheduled for May 27 – June 6, 2021. This decision was made only after significant evaluation of the far-reaching operational and financial implications due to on-going restrictions imposed by U.S. Equestrian (USEF) regarding spectators and other important issues at their sanctioned events. The organizers together with the Board of Directors evaluated multiple options, but were ultimately unable to operate under the current restrictions outlined by the sport’s governing body.Despite the DHSCF’s many efforts to obtain information, the competition was told on April 5th that guidelines would not be available until “mid-May.” This time frame does not provide sufficient time to adequately plan and prepare for a show of the DHSCF’s size and caliber. In fairness to the competitors, sponsors, ticket holders, vendors, volunteers and all others involved, the DHSCF believes that the decision to cancel is the best under the circumstances.Although many other equestrian events are operating during this time, the DHSCF is uniquely tied to our local audience and spectator base and we did not feel that we could, in good faith, jeopardize future events for the sake of running this year against so many financial and operational challenges. This decision was made to protect the financial viability of the show for years to come.In the coming weeks, the DHSCF and its organizers will be contacting all stakeholders with information regarding cancellation processes. The health and well-being of the entire DHSCF community is always of utmost importance, and while we believed we could run a safe and successful outdoor event, the lack of movement in attendance guidelines from USEF made it a financial impossibility even with significant fundraising efforts for the competition to continue in 2021.The Devon Horse Show and Country Fair looks forward to celebrating its 125th anniversary during the competition in 2022! For additional information please visit our website at www.DevonHorseShow.net or follow us on our social media channels.”About the Devon Horse Show and Country FairThe Devon Horse Show and Country Fair is the longest running and largest outdoor multi-breed competition in the United States. With the grandeur of Philadelphia’s prestigious Main Line setting the stage, the event features a world-class field that annually ranks among the most prominent internationally. Tags: USEF, hunter/jumper, pandemic, Devon Horse Show, Horse Sport Enewslast_img read more

Watch Fruition Perform “Boil Over” At Last Year’s Northwest String Summit [Pro-Shot]

first_imgThe Northwest String Summit at Horning’s Hideout in North Plains, Oregon, has become somewhat of a mecca for bluegrass musicians and fans alike, consistently bringing together big names and small across the bluegrass scene to join together in collaboration and celebration. One such regular at the festival is Fruition, the five-piece jamgrass outfit from Portland, Oregon, who will be returning to the bluegrass festival slated for July 13th through 16th this summer.Watch Greensky Bluegrass Tear Up “Reverend” At Last Year’s Northwest String Summit [Pro-Shot]The folks over at Jamgrass TV have just released a new pro-shot video of the Oregon band’s performance last year at the Northwest String Summit ahead of this year’s festival. In this latest video, Fruition goes into a fiery rendition of “Boil Over,” a song off their 2013 release Just One Of Them Nights. You can watch the group’s performance below as a way to get stoked on Fruition’s return to Horning’s Hideout this summer.Fruition Bares Their Hearts And Souls On A Monday Night In Bloomington [Videos/Full Audio]Just like in 2016, Fruition is slated to perform two sets across the duration of the Northwest String Summit, along with Greensky Bluegrass, Yonder Mountain String Band, Del McCoury Band, JJ Grey & Mofro, Elephant Revival, Todd Snider & Great American Taxi, Turkuaz, and more. The festival this year will also see a performance by a new all-woman group dubbed Sideboob, which features Fruition’s Mimi Naja along with Allie Kral of Yonder Mountain String Band and Katelyn and Laurie Shook, also known as the Shook Twins. You can head over to Northwest String Summit’s website to get more information about the festival as well as to purchase tickets, as we can tell already that you’re not going to want to miss out this year.Frution, “Boil Over,” Northwest String Summit 2016last_img read more

Trail Mix – Deep Roots Mountain Revival

first_imgIf you are looking for a musical road trip this weekend, look no farther than the wilds of West Virginia.Just outside of Masontown, on the former site of the vaunted All Good Music Festival, the Deep Roots Mountain Revival will be kicking off its second festival today and running through an impressive collection of artists, big and small, through Saturday.On the bill for this year’s festival are Brandi Carlisle, Dr. Dog, Lettuce, Sam Bush, Moon Taxi, Larry Keel, Town Mountain, and many, many more.The line up is deep and eclectic, but the fun doesn’t stop with the music. Included in the daily schedule are diversions like yoga, hoop building and dancing, meditation, and stuff for the kids to do, too.A longtime friend of mine, Micah Davidson, became part of the Deep Roots team this year. Davidson, who founded Midwood Entertainment in Charlotte in 2015, has been involved with booking bands and promoting festivals throughout the Southeast for years.I chatted with Micah this week about this year’s festival, exciting bands on the bill, and unusual green room requests.BRO – How did you get involved with this festival?MD – I had actually ever been to the site where we hold the festival, on Marvin’s Mountaintop outside of Masontown. Last year was the first festival, and I had friends involved, so they invited me up to have a small working role in the inaugural event. After seeing the site and spending time with the producer, Claude Ryan, I just knew it was something I had to do. We have a great relationship and work really well together. I really have to thank him for the opportunity, as it’s the biggest event I’ve been part of so far.BRO – I noticed there are some great bands from West Virginia on the bill. Was it important to give the home state some love as you went about booking?MD – I always feel that it’s important to support local bands. It helps the community get more involved in the event and gives you a great regional fanbase. Plus, you never know when one of those bands is going to become the next Sturgill Simpson or Dave Matthews. Those big bands had to start somewhere, and I think that, sometimes, the general public forgets that. And it’s fun to be able to say you had “that band” on your festival way back when.BRO – Band that you are particularly excited to have on the bill?MD – White Denim. I’ve told everyone on the team where they can find me when their set starts. I’ve been a big fan for years and they never disappoint. I’ve got them playing a couple of my festivals this year.BRO – Best part of your job this week?MD – As corny as it might sound, just getting to work with my friends. In this industry, I spend a lot of time traveling and meeting people who become like family to me. Getting to see them, hang with them, and share an experience like this is about as great a thing as you can get. If you aren’t enjoying the company of the people you work with, you should get a new job!BRO – You don’t have to name the band, but what’s the most unusual request you have ever gotten for the green room?MD – Well, it wasn’t for this festival, but the strangest green room request I have ever gotten was for ammunition. Yes. Ammunition. I read a band rider once and they requested ammunition. I laughed at first, and then I found out that they were serious. Needless to say, I didn’t provide it, but they did get a fantastic selection of beer, healthy snacks, and the like.If you find yourself free this weekend and have a festival itch that needs scratching, head to Marvin’s Mountaintop. Deep Roots Mountain Revival kicks off tomorrow in wild, wonderful West Virginia, and runs through Saturday.For more information on the festival, line up, and schedule, please check out the website.last_img read more

The wonderful thing that happens when a financial adviser tells you the truth

first_imgA tale of youthful stupidity holds the key to giving honest, genuine financial advice.by: Tim MaurerThe most important event in my life is one of which I was long ashamed.I was an 18-year-old punk with a monumental chip on my shoulder. You know, the kind of kid certain of his indestructability, sure of his immunity from the dangers of self-destructive behavior.At 2:00 a.m. on a random Wednesday morning in June 1994, after a long day and night of double-ended candle-burning, I set out for home in my Plymouth Horizon. At the time, my car was bedecked with stickers loudly displaying the names of late-60s rock bands. No shoes, no seatbelt, no problem.Not even halfway home, I was awakened by the sound of rumble strips, just in time to fully experience my car leaving the road and careening over an embankment. After rolling down the hill, the vehicle settled on its wheels and I, surprisingly, landed in the driver’s seat. But all was not well. continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

The credit union opportunity

first_imgEmployee benefits are a large part of every credit union’s expenses.  In today’s competitive labor market, credit unions understand that benefit packages have the power to attract, reward, and retain the best and the brightest.  But the cost of employee benefits is ballooning at an alarming rate, leaving credit unions struggling to keep pace.The Reality:  Annual employee benefit costs have grown an average of 5.6% a year over the last 10 years, including a rise of 5.3% from 2014 to 2015.  As a matter of fact, benefit expenses have risen more than 5% for 19 of the past 25 years.  Health insurance premiums alone have risen a whopping 70% over the last 10 years, and have nearly tripled since 2000.The Opportunity:  Fortunately, there is a way for credit unions to keep up. NCUA Rule 701.19(c) allows credit unions to pre-fund all or part of their future employee benefit obligations through investments that would normally be impermissible, such as equities, corporate bonds, and mutual funds, which have historically provided a return on investment more likely to match increases in employee benefit expenses.  Passed in 2006, it’s absolutely mind-boggling that only 1 out of every 5 credit unions across the country are taking advantage of this opportunity.  However, the number of participants will continue to rise as benefit costs increase, credit unions seek investment yields higher than their standard investment portfolio, and as credit unions look to further diversify their overall investment portfolio. continue reading » 10SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Hampton Bays Man Accused of Raping Ex-girlfriend

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A 27-year-old Hampton Bays man accused of stalking two ex-girlfriends, one of whom he allegedly twice raped last year, was apprehended by federal agents in Pennsylvania, Suffolk County prosecutors said.Justin Suarez pleaded not guilty Thursday at Suffolk County court to a 34-count grand jury indictment that included charges of rape, stalking, strangulation, unlawful imprisonment, coercion, reckless endangerment, menacing, possession of a weapon and torturing animals.Prosecutors said Suarez also threatened with a sledgehammer the ex-girlfriend he allegedly raped August and December. He also allegedly shot a dog to death in her presence.“He told her that if she told anyone, he would kill her too,” Suffolk County District Attorney Thomas Spota said. “We executed a search warrant and recovered the remains of the animal and two bullets.”Southampton Town Police Department issued a warrant for his arrest on Oct. 9. U.S. Marshals apprehended him 10 days later in the Poconos.Judge Barbara Kahn set bail for him at $500,000 cash or $1 million bond. He is due back in court Nov. 19.last_img read more

E coli cases jump to 157; experts share clinical advice

first_img “A confused consumer is a consumer who’s not confident about the safety of the food,” Acheson said. He added that until those details are resolved, the advisory from the FDA remains the same: Don’t eat fresh or raw spinach. At today’s press briefing, Acheson reported that more than half of the HUS cases in this outbreak were in adults. He listed the following age distribution for the HUS patients: younger than 5 years, 7%; 5 to 19, 24%; 20 to 64, 55%, and 65 and older, 14%. The CDC said this week that people who experience diarrhea after eating fresh spinach or salad blends containing fresh spinach should contact their healthcare provider and ask to have a stool sample tested for E coli O157:H7. Officials are intensively discussing allowing spinach from unaffected regions to be sold again, he said. Authorities are working out what labeling should be used and are devising a message to ensure that consumers know the spinach that returns to stores is safe. David Acheson, MD, chief medical officer for the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, said at a news briefing that four more patients developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a serious complication, bringing HUS cases to 27. Eighty-three people—more than half of those infected—were hospitalized in the outbreak. The death toll remained the same at 1 today. Patricia Griffin, MD, chief of the CDC’s foodborne diseases epidemiology section, said patients with E coli infections have little or no fever. She advised clinicians who have patients with a suspected E coli infection to speak directly with labs before sending in stool samples. “Ask them if they look for O157 in every stool specimen; not all do,” she said. “If they don’t, ask them to add a routine enteric panel.” Concern about high HUS rateAt an E coli update for clinicians today, hosted by the CDC, Phillip Tarr, MD, director of the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, said the high number of patients (27 of 157, or 17%) who developed HUS, particularly young adults, in the current outbreak was unexpected. Children usually have higher rates of HUS than adults. Tarr said the rate can be as high as 15% in children younger than 10 who have E coli infections. The FDA issued its fresh spinach alert on Sep 14, when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that 50 patients in eight states had been diagnosed with E coli infections and that fresh or raw spinach was the food most of them had in common. Sep 21, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Eleven more cases were identified today in a nationwide Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak related to fresh spinach, bringing the total to 157, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported. No new recalls were announced today. Three remain in effect: fresh spinach and products that contain fresh spinach produced or distributed by Natural Selections Foods, River Ranch, and RLB Food Distributors. Sep 21 FDA press releasehttp://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/2006/ucm109577.htmcenter_img Experts share diagnostic, management tipsTarr said two notable symptoms of an E coli O157:H7 infection are watery diarrhea that often turns bloody and abdominal pain that is out of proportion to the diarrhea. He said adults usually have right-sided abdominal tenderness, whereas the tenderness in children is typically more generalized. CIDRAP overview of pathogenic E colihttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/fs/food-disease/causes/ecolioview.html The platelet count is a useful barometer of the patient’s risk of developing HUS and should be monitored daily, he said. “Once it starts to rise, the patient is usually out of the woods.” Both Griffin and Tarr said there is no evidence that antibiotics are helpful in treating patients who have E coli O157:H7 infections; in fact, they said antibiotics have been known to increase the production of Shiga toxin. Few new details emerged about investigations on nine farms in California’s greater Salinas Valley that have been possibly linked to a fresh spinach sample that tested positive for E coli O157:H7. The results on the sample, collected from a bag of spinach from the home of a New Mexico patient, were announced yesterday. Acheson said about 10 or 15 more bags of spinach obtained from patients are being tested. Hydration plays a key role in supportive care because of the profound coagulation activation seen in patients with these infections, Tarr said. Admitting patients to the hospital allows patients to receive intravenous isotonic saline solution to maintain kidney perfusion, enables physicians to monitor patients’ platelet counts and other lab values, and prevents patients from spreading the infection to others, he said. Earlier this week, Acheson said it was too early to reach conclusions about the virulence of the involved E coli strain, but he said the number of people who have been hospitalized seemed high. In a typical E coli outbreak, he said, 25% to 30% of patients require hospital treatment, compared with more than half of the patients identified so far in this episode. See also: If the lab says it does test for O157:H7, clinicians should ask what test they use, Griffin said. The sorbitol-MacConkey agar test is preferred, but many labs instead use the more automated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test that screens for Shiga toxin, she said. Labs should hold on to positive samples for further testing and so that isolates can be sent to public health labs.last_img read more

COMMENTARY Little evidence for New York City quarantine in 1918 pandemic

first_img In the letters, Barry debated with Markel and colleagues whether New York City authorities ever used isolation and quarantine to combat the influenza pandemic in the fall of 1918. Since publication of his book in 2004, Barry has been involved in the preparedness effort and continued to do research on NPIs. Most of this work has expanded on findings in the book, and some of it has caused him to revise views expressed there. Since the Markel publication in JAMA, Barry has raised serious challenges to the data used by Markel’s group to justify their conclusions about the public health actions they reported to have been taken in 2 of the 43 cities (New York City and Chicago). These are the only two cities among the 43 for which Barry did such follow-up research. Barry wrote what I believe to be a convincing and well-supported letter to JAMA with his concerns. Last week his letter and Markel’s response were published in JAMA. Barry acknowledged that City Health Commissioner Royal Copeland told reporters in September 1918 that he would use isolation and quarantine. However, he cited a pair of articles published in an October 1918 issue of the New York Medical Journal by Copeland and his assistant as evidence that these measures were never used. Both articles reported on the epidemic and the city’s response, but neither mentioned isolation, quarantine, or other major NPIs. Further, the city health department’s annual report mentioned no NPIs used in the flu epidemic, according to Barry. John M. Barry holds the position of distinguished visiting scholar at the Center for Bioenvironmental Research of Tulane and Xavier Universities in New Orleans and is the author of several books. He can be reached at [email protected] (link sends e-mail). Nov 27, 2007 (CIDRAP News) This past August, however, Howard Markel of the University of Michigan and colleagues published a study of the public health actions taken in 43 cities during the 1918-19 pandemic and the associated morbidity and mortality in those cites. They concluded that when NPI strategies were employed, they made a difference. This was a very important conclusion, as the results of the Markel study now serve as the core support for the recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for the use of community mitigation strategies (ie, NPIs) during a pandemic. Is there another explanation for the relatively benign experiences in New York and Chicago? Possibly. Both cities experienced quite definite spring waves of influenza, which may have immunized some of the population. I believe Markel and colleagues did not address the important challenges that Barry presented. In my view, his information raises serious challenges to the scientific integrity of what Markel and colleagues have reported for two cites included in their study, which in turn raises important questions about the overall results of their study. This concern does not disprove that NPIs altered the course of the pandemic. But we in public health will face overwhelming challenges with risk communication and credibility during the next pandemic. While we will surely recommend the use of NPIs at that time, we have an obligation to society to tell exactly what we know and explain the science that supports our conclusions. How will we ever be able to dismiss and even condemn the crazy things that some will try to do during a pandemic if we don’t base recommendations on the strength of our science? We must hold ourselves to that standard now and in the future. I believe John Barry makes a clear and compelling case below that Markel has not met that standard. We must. Chicago’s actions came lateNow to Chicago, which also had a relatively benign experience in the pandemic. According to Markel et al, Chicago tied for the third earliest intervention of the 43 cities he studied, acting on day minus-2, ie, 2 days before the mortality rate exceeded double the baseline rate. We do not know what action Chicago took that day, because the Markel article does not identify any action in any city on any date, nor does it provide any documentation for any of these specific actions. Markel does offer a 1,144-item online bibliography, but the size obscures rather than elucidates, since readers have no way of matching documentation with any particular action. In response, Markel and his colleagues cited news reports from the New York Times and JAMA as evidence that the city did use isolation and quarantine. A story in the Times for Sep 19, 1918, said three New Yorkers had been quarantined the day before, and in a Nov 17 story, Copeland was quoted as saying the city had quarantined arriving ship passengers. In addition, a story in the Sep 28 JAMA said flu patients were “quarantined,” according to Markel et al. They also noted that Barry cited the JAMA story in his own book as evidence of a New York City quarantine. Remarks from CIDRAP Director Michael T. Osterholm, PhD, MPHJohn M. Barry is one of our nation’s most respected historians, and his chronicle of the 1918 pandemic, The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History, is regarded by many influenza and public health experts as the definitive historical review of that event. To paraphrase the old E.F. Hutton commercial, “When Barry speaks, most of us concerned about our preparedness for the next pandemic listen.” You will find below a commentary from Barry dealing with the important question of the use of nonpharmaceutical measures during the 1918 pandemic. The two articles in the New York Medical Journal—they were reprints of speeches, as Markel says—are primary sources; they are contemporaneous reports to physicians gathered to discuss the outbreak by Copeland and his deputy Louis Harris, head of the department’s Bureau of Preventable Disease. Harris gave the presentation reprinted under the title “Epidemology and Administrative Control of Influenza,” which is one of the items missing from Markel’s bibliography. This is a serious lapse, since the report explicitly addresses what we now call NPIs in New York City and was authored by the person in charge of those interventions, including all department quarantines. Both men recite a long list of actions taken, beginning with some attempt during the summer to monitor a few individual case-patients coming off ships. Policy makers are today considering implementing nonpharmaceutical interventions in the face of a pandemic on the basis of analyses of their historic use in 1918. I support many (though not all) of the proposed interventions, but I do not support analysis based on weak data—especially when those data that are flatly contradicted by better information. Yet that is what could happen in this case. And although my letter to JAMA was limited to New York City, the mistaken data in the article by Markel et al seem to extend at least to Chicago as well. Frankly, our one real hope is that all the other public health tools we have employed in past infectious disease epidemics will make a difference. These tools have largely tried to change individual and community-based behavior to avoid exposure to the infectious agent until after the epidemic has run its course. These are often referred to as nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and include familiar approaches such as isolation, quarantine, and social distancing. While all of us might believe that these measures will work, until recently very little evidence has been available concerning their efficacy in reducing either morbidity or mortality in an influenza pandemic. This is due in part to the infrequency of such pandemics (three in the last century) and an absence of systematic studies during those pandemics of our collective public health actions and their impact. Health commissioner’s veracity in doubtNow let’s consider Markel’s sole source on quarantine: Royal Copeland, who told the New York Times that the city was imposing it. The newspaper no doubt quoted Copeland accurately. But who was Copeland? He was a homeopath, not a medical doctor, who said, “Man is a social animal. . . . Organization is a necessity and my organization is Tammany.” Tammany, the most corrupt political machine in American history, had been out of power for several years but regained control of New York City in early 1918. It promptly began putting loyalists into every available patronage job, and it tried to force qualified civil servants out of jobs that were not strictly patronage. For the health department, Tammany initially chose as director someone else whom it regarded as a loyalist. But as Tammany moved with increasing aggressiveness to replace highly qualified public health officials with unqualified cronies, after a few months on the job, Tammany’s choice for director of the health department quit in protest. When no MD surfaced for the job, Tammany turned to Copeland, not an MD but a true Tammany man. As any reader of this Web site knows, CIDRAP has made pandemic influenza preparedness one of its highest priorities as an infectious disease research and policy organization. I believe the next influenza pandemic, if even moderate in nature, will be one of the most catastrophic public health events in history. I come to this conclusion because of the size of the world’s population today (approximately 6.5 billion, compared with 1.2 billion in 1918), the likelihood that there will be a lack of stockpiled and effective pandemic vaccine at outset of the pandemic, and the existence of the global just-in-time economy, which means we will soon exhaust many critical products and services, like drugs and vaccines, other medical supplies, and even food, in the early days of the pandemic.center_img It is not difficult to establish the facts, but Markel in his reply to my letter to JAMA manages to obscure them. He cites two sources in addition to the New York Times to support his claim that New York City imposed a quarantine. These other sources are a 1918 JAMA article and my own book. Yet in actuality these other citations, as well as the New York Times itself, all circle back to a single person—Royal Copeland, head of the city’s health department—and what he told the Times. Everything the newspaper reported about quarantine, including Markel’s claim that the “next day, 3 New Yorkers were quarantined,” came from a direct quote by Copeland; the newspaper did no independent reporting whatsoever, nor did it quote any other health department or city official, or anyone else, in these stories on quarantine. (More about Copeland later.) The 1918 JAMA citation is not a peer-reviewed article; it is a news item based on Copeland’s published comments. COMMENTARY BY JOHN M. BARRY Finally, it is important to note that the errors in Markel’s article do not disprove the hypothesis that NPIs impacted the course of the pandemic. But any analysis of their historic use must be based on rigorous scholarship. His is not. Copeland and Harris did not, however, lie in the medical journal articles quoted above, which were, as Markel notes, reprints of speeches they made to a meeting of New York City physicians desperate to find ways to alleviate the most lethal disease outbreak in their lives. Copeland would have been scorned out of the room if he had told such lies at such a meeting, to an audience who knew the truth. Therefore they made no mention of quarantine as an action taken during the pandemic. For the sake of argument, let’s say Markel is correct and this summer effort was more robust than I think. That still has nothing to do with what happened during the outbreak itself. It’s one thing to surveil three or four people coming off a ship. It’s another to wait for a case to be reported (and hope cases are in fact being reported) and then try to isolate dozens, then quickly hundreds, then thousands of influenza cases. No wonder Copeland debunked the idea, as he did in the quotation used in my letter to JAMA. Markel accuses me of taking this quote out of context. Rather than argue with him, I will happily fax the articles to anyone who requests them (print quality of the articles prevents including a link here) so readers can judge for themselves. Why would Copeland lie about the use of quarantine? There were specific reasons in this case, beyond just trying to make himself appear in command. The same day that New York made influenza reportable, Jersey City imposed an actual quarantine. The Times reported both actions. It is easy to imagine that this put pressure on Copeland. At any rate, the same day the information about Jersey City was published, he told the Times that New York City was using “strict isolation and quarantine,” in effect calling Jersey City on quarantine and raising it on “strict isolation.” The larger context makes lying more understandable as well. The United States was at war. Every piece of government-released public information—federal, state, and local—was considered from the perspective of how to keep up morale. The official position of the US government’s Committee on Public Information was: “The force of an idea lies in its inspirational value. It matters very little if it is true or false.” Indeed, the pandemic became known as “Spanish influenza” because in all the warring countries, newspapers, which were either censored or intimidated, initially did not report on the disease. Spain was not at war, and its newspapers headlined it. Hence, even though we know the disease appeared in France, Germany, Britain, and the United States before Spain, Spain gave the pandemic its name. Also to maintain morale during the pandemic, national public health officials—people who knew the truth—said, “This is ordinary influenza by another name,” and, “You have nothing to fear if proper precautions are taken,” and, “This is nothing more than ordinary lagrippe or influenza.” Local public health officials all over the country echoed that line. Records don’t mention quarantineMarkel makes much of the city Board of Health’s vote to make influenza a reportable disease on Sep 17. The board did make this decision, but this does not support his argument. Making a disease reportable does absolutely nothing in itself to control that disease. Neither the minutes of the Sep 17 board meeting nor the minutes of other board meetings throughout the pandemic mention quarantine, although they do include discussion of less severe NPIs that were employed. This is a strange omission if quarantine was actually used. Nor do any other department records contain any evidence that the city imposed quarantine. Had there been a quarantine, one would have expected details about how many inspectors were involved, the number of homes visited, the period of quarantine, placards put up, etc. Health departments in cities that did impose quarantine recorded all these data. Yet no such data exist for New York City. Quarantine was not mentioned in the weekly, monthly, or annual reports of the heath department, even though these reports were so detailed that, as I pointed out in my original letter, they recounted how many laboratory flasks were washed. Here are the undisputed facts: The article does explain that it uses only three major actions—quarantine, school closings, and general bans on public gatherings—as metrics for NPIs, so Chicago’s action should have been one of those three. But according to the Chicago health department’s 100-plus-page “Report of an Epidemic of Influenza in Chicago During the Fall of 1918,” which is not in Markel’s bibliography, only two actions were taken on day minus-2: The state banned public funerals and the city issued orders for teachers to inspect schoolchildren. These actions fall far short of the authors’ metrics. The city’s most tangible action actually did not occur until day plus-19 (21 days later) which by coincidence was, quoting from the report, “the day when the epidemic was taking its highest death toll,” ie, at least several days and possibly a week or more after disease spread had peaked. Only then did Chicago close “theaters of all kinds, cabarets, dance halls, athletic meets, and everything of this kind.” But even then, “churches and schools were not closed. Nothing was done to interfere with the morale of the community.” I did not do a systematic review of all 43 cities covered in Markel’s article. By pure happenstance, I am familiar enough with events in New York and Chicago to make a judgment on the quality of his assessment of those two only, and I do not know how valid his findings are in the other 41 cities. But his interpretation of data in Chicago and New York does not inspire faith in the rest of his analysis. And since, according to Markel, New York was the earliest city to act and Chicago was tied for third earliest, one wonders whether, even if everything else in the article is correct, errors here would be enough to drop the findings below statistical significance. According to the New York Medical Journal articles, as the pandemic began and after making the disease reportable, the health department launched a series of initiatives. Harris lists them, and they include but are not limited to public education efforts (which proved disappointing to both Copeland and Harris), enforcement of antispitting ordinances, an attempt to stagger business closings to limit rush-hour crowds, closing of selected unsanitary theaters, and the like. These articles also justified the decisions to keep schools open and not to ban public gatherings, as most other cities did. (School closings, bans on public gatherings, and quarantine were the three chief NPIs Markel tracked.) Neither Copeland nor Harris cites quarantine or isolation as an action taken during the outbreak itself. Harris was explicitly detailing “administrative” public health initiatives to “control” influenza. He was the individual in charge of quarantine. He made no mention of quarantine. Is it plausible, or even conceivable, that he would have made no mention of quarantine if quarantine had actually been imposed? Introductory remarksJohn Barry’s commentary Markel also cited my book. In my book research, I read the same New York Times and JAMA articles that he did, and I initially believed them, as he still does. Hence my book incorrectly stated that New York imposed a quarantine. However, I gave the public health response in New York City only the most cursory consideration in the book. All my focus, and all my digging into primary sources and archival material, lay elsewhere. After my book was published, and as I got involved with the pandemic preparedness effort, the fact that New York City had a relatively benign experience continued to intrigue me. Since New York City did not close schools, I became increasingly curious if its quarantine could have accounted for its experience. So I investigated. New data convinced me that there was no quarantine, and I reversed my position. The footnotes and bibliography to his original article suggest that Markel never learned of these data, some of which are detailed below.last_img read more

Government brings relief to landslide stricken Castle Bruce

first_img 19 Views   no discussions Tweet Share Share LocalNews Government brings relief to landslide stricken Castle Bruce by: – September 22, 2011center_img Share Sharing is caring! Hon. Johnson Drigo, M.P for the Castle Bruce Constituency. Image via: GIS NewsWork is in progress in bringing relief to residents of the Castle Bruce Constituency who suffered damage from fourteen landslides on the weekend. Castle Bruce MP Johnson Drigo says work should be completed by Thursday. He says the construction of back walls in several areas in the constituency is being considered. “Work is progressing satisfactorily on the number of landslides which occurred over the weekend in Castle Bruce. In San Sauveur, Good Hope and Petit Soufriere we had seven landslides, with two major landslides in Castle Bruce. I must commend the staff of the Ministry of Public Works for the quick response to the disaster,” he said.Drigo said the landslides were triggered by heavy rainfall over the weekend.“As I speak we now have machines clearing the landslides and we expect by tomorrow we will have all the landslides cleared. It started raining Saturday afternoon well into the wee hours of Sunday morning,” he said.According to Drigo, several persons were affected by the incident. “There is one house we would have to replace due to the fact that the landslide actually entered into the house of the individual. It’s now a very dangerous area and we would now have to shift the house. Government now has to take some mitigating factors to build back walls to ensure that the people in the area are safe,” he said.He said the rainfall also put a damp on the community’s National Day of Prayer church service on Sunday. Dominica Vibes Newslast_img read more

Smalling, Sanchez extend loan deals

first_imgRelatedPosts EPL: Red Devils attack Palace I wanted Manchester United exit after one training session — Sanchez US billionaire completes takeover of AS Roma Manchester United duo Chris Smalling and Alexis Sanchez have extended their loan deals at Roma and Inter Milan respectively.Smalling has impressed for Roma during the 2019-20 campaign, making 30 appearances in all competitions, while Sanchez has scored once in 19 outings for Inter since arriving last summer. Both players had been due to return to Old Trafford at the start of July, but a statement on the English club’s official website has confirmed that the duo will finish the 2019-20 Serie A campaign at Roma and Inter.“Manchester United pair Chris Smalling and Alexis Sanchez will both see out the remainder of the 2019/20 domestic campaign in Italy, after the decision was made to extend their loan contracts with Roma and Inter Milan respectively,” read the statement from Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s side.Roma are allegedly keen to sign Smalling on a permanent deal this summer, although Inter are not thought to be interested in signing Sanchez on a long-term basis at this stage.Inter are currently third in Serie A as they chase down the top two, while Roma occupy fifth spot in the table, nine points off fourth-placed Atalanta BC on the same number of games.Tags: Alexis SanchezAS Romachris smallingOld Traffordlast_img read more

EPL: Bournemouth face relegation battle

first_imgRelatedPosts Gundogan tests positive for coronavirus Derby County want Jordon Ibe Ighalo: My best moment as ‘Red Devil’ Bournemouth vs. Southampton Venue: Vitality Stadium Kick off: 2PMBournemouth’s first of two must-win games kicks off today as the Cherries welcome Southampton to the Vitality Stadium for the penultimate round of fixtures. The Cherries are three points adrift of safety before fellow relegation rivals Watford and West Ham United lock horns on Friday, but Southampton are comfortably in mid-table with two games remaining.Bournemouth are running out of time to avoid a first ever relegation from the Premier League, with their five-year stint in the top flight under serious threat at this very late stage of the campaign.The Cherries were given a glimmer of hope as they trounced Champions League hopefuls Leicester City 4-1 last weekend, but Eddie Howe’s men were brought crashing back down to earth in midweek as Manchester City inflicted a 2-1 defeat on them on Wednesday.Howe’s men gave it a real good go against last season’s champions, but David Brooks’s late strike proved nothing more than a mere consolation for the Cherries despite their plucky showing at the Etihad, as first-half goals from Gabriel Jesus and David Silva did the damage early on.One of West Ham United or Watford can take a giant stride towards survival with victory in Friday’s clash, but a draw would arguably be a worse result for a Bournemouth side needing everything to go their way before the season concludes. If both Watford and West Ham walk away with a point from their encounter, Bournemouth will be four points below both teams heading into gameweek 37 and would be guaranteed to occupy a spot in the relegation zone before their final-day clash with Everton.If there is a victor in Friday evening’s game, Bournemouth can move level on points with one of their relegation rivals before the final day, but the Cherries are about to come up against a resolute Southampton side with a Golden Boot-chasing striker in their ranks.Even though Southampton have now recorded three successive draws in the top flight following their stalemate with Brighton & Hove Albion, Ralph Hasenhuttl can no doubt take the positives from how his side have gone about their business since the restart.The Saints have now strung together a five-game unbeaten run in the league and have been assured of their safety for some time now, but Hasenhuttl will no doubt want to get another three points on the board regardless of whatever permutations the game may have.There are no prizes for guessing who bagged Southampton’s equaliser in the draw with Brighton – Danny Ings has now hit the 20-goal mark for the campaign and is still vying for the top scorer accolade with two games remaining. The Englishman has been nothing short of sensational for the Saints this term and will surely come into Gareth Southgate’s thinking for next year’s Euros should he stay fit, but for now, Ings will endeavour to usurp compatriot Jamie Vardy for the Golden Boot and become the first-ever Southampton player to scoop the award.Ahead of their final away game of the season, Southampton are still undefeated on the road since the top flight returned, but Bournemouth marched to a 3-1 victory when the sides faced off in the reverse fixture.Bournemouth possible XI: Ramsdale, Stacey, S. Cook, Kelly, Rico, Lerma, Brooks, Gosling, Billing, King, Wilson. Southampton possible XI: McCarthy, Walker-Peters, Stephens, Bednarek, Bertrand, Armstrong, Ward-Prowse, Smallbone, Redmond, Ings, Adams.Tags: BournemouthChampions LeagueEddie HoweLeicester CityPremier LeagueSouthamptonWatfordWest Ham Unitedlast_img read more

Swans ready to support Montero

first_img Press Association “We could have won here in our first season (in the Premier League) and they were holding on. “Yes we can get three points against them, but they’ll be thinking the same.” The game pits Gylfi Sigurdsson and Ben Davies against their former clubs with Swansea having had by far the best so far from a summer swap deal which also saw Dutch goalkeeper Michel Vorm move to Tottenham. Icelandic international Sigurdsson has scored twice and had eight assists in the Premier League this season – second only to Chelsea’s Cesc Fabregas – since rejoining Swansea for a second spell, while Wales defender Davies has just recently broken into the Spurs first-team and Vorm is very much understudy to the France goalkeeper Hugo Lloris at White Hart Lane. “People talk in hindsight about the deal, but I just felt we needed the attacking player like Gylfi,” said Monk. “In terms of losing Ben, it was the risk of losing someone at that position to gain someone in the attacking position. “It’s proved a good decision but it wasn’t about who was getting the better of the deal. “What we’re seeing from Gylfi is the reason I wanted him. I knew him and he’s come back a better player. “When I knew I had the chance (to sign him) I pushed for it and this is the reason why, he’s effective in the position he plays and his contribution has been fantastic. “I don’t think he hold grudges against Tottenham, he loved the club and had a fantastic time. “Yes, he wanted to play more than he did but he developed at Tottenham as a player. “Maybe he has the motivation to prove people wrong and show them what he can do and, hopefully, we can see it more from Gylfi and on the weekend.” Swansea could certainly do with a lift after being bullied by Andy Carroll and company at West Ham, surrendering a lead once again to slip to eighth spot, where they are one point and two places better off than Tottenham. Monk’s men have now lost a league-high 16 points from winning positions but the manager says there are mitigating circumstances in that damaging statistic. “It’s a valid question to a point but a lot of situations that happen in games are not always in your control, so the total is a bit misleading,” said Monk. “At certain times we can manage the games better and come away with more points but we’re still in a good position. “We’ve not been outside the top eight so far and that shows we’re doing things right. “It’s the first time last week where we didn’t warrant any points because other games where we’ve dropped points we’ve deserved more. “It’s not something that’s playing on our minds but we spoke quite honestly after the West Ham game that we weren’t at the standards we’ve set. “We didn’t reach them so we’ve got to put to bed a performance that we weren’t happy with.” “The club’s not had any contacts from any authorities whatsoever and I’m not sure how much truth is in that (story),” Monk said. “But if it is and the right authorities get in touch with us then we’ll deal with that when it comes. “At this moment in time have had no contact and it’s not alarming because I’m not sure of the details. “With a situation like that it’s not necessarily them (the players) involved. I’ve seen it before where they might want to speak to the whole team involved in a game – players, staff, management – at that time whatever it is.” Swansea seek to bounce back from their 3-1 defeat at West Ham at home to Tottenham on Sunday – a club they have not beaten in six Barclays Premier League attempts. Indeed, Swansea have lost five of those games but Monk says he does not see the visit of Mauricio Pochettino’s side as a psychological hurdle. “They’re not a bogey side, they’re a good team,” Monk said. “When you play against teams with that kind of power it will always be difficult. The 25-year-old summer signing from Morelia was on loan at Levante three years ago and their 2-1 defeat to Real Zaragoza on the final day of the 2010-11 Primera Division season is currently facing scrutiny from Spanish prosecutors. The winger could be interviewed as a witness as one of the players who played in that match. Swansea manager Garry Monk says the Barclays Premier League club will comply with any Spanish match-fixing investigation which could involve their Ecuador winger Jefferson Montero.last_img read more